The Taipei 101 skyscraper commands the urban landscape in Taipei, Taiwan. [Photo/Xinhua]
Experts say that the Taiwan question brooks no interference by foreign forces
It’s natural for China to feel angry and oppose the recent visit to
Taiwan by United States House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, because the trip
openly violates the one-China principle and challenges China’s
territorial integrity and sovereignty, experts said while explaining
China’s reaction and the severe countermeasures it has taken.
It’s clear that the two sides of the Taiwan Straits are the same
country, and the Taiwan question, which is purely China’s internal
affair, brooks no interference by foreign forces, they said.
Traveling in a military aircraft, Pelosi－second in the line of
succession to the US president－last week paid a high-profile “official
visit to Taiwan”, as her office described it in her arrival statement,
and was given full protocol treatment by Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive
Party authorities, which make no secret of pursuing “independence” in
their party platform.
Pelosi’s two-day trip included meeting with the island’s leader Tsai
Ing-wen and some “human rights” advocates, as well as visiting the
island’s “legislative “authority.
Hundreds of millions of Chinese watched, discussed and were outraged
by the provocative trip that was also followed by unprecedented
countermeasures by the Chinese government, including canceling three
cooperative dialogues or meetings with the defense authorities of the
US, suspending climate talks, and conducting live-fire drills
surrounding the Taiwan island.
Bao Chengke, assistant director at the Institute for East Asian
Studies in Shanghai, said that the visit has trampled on the one-China
principle and China’s national sovereignty, and was a move that in
nature promoted the concept of “one China, one Taiwan”.
To the Chinese side, the one-China principle is a bottom line that
cannot be crossed. It has been reiterated numerous times by the Chinese
government, and is firmly believed by the Chinese people, that the
island of Taiwan has been an inseparable part of China’s territory for
1,800 years and it’s crystal clear that the two sides of the Straits
belong to one China.
It was even worse that Pelosi turned a deaf ear to repeated warnings
from the Chinese government and still made the trip, Bao said, adding
that when something like this happens, it’s reasonable for any country
to feel angry and take severe countermeasures.
Lin Kuan-ting, a young man from Taiwan who is studying on the
mainland, said he opposes the visit and the US should not interfere in
the Taiwan question as the island has always been a part of China.
Another Taiwan student on main-land, Lin Pei-ying, said the visit
seriously hurt the feelings of compatriots on both sides of the Straits,
and the contradictions between the two sides are purely our family
Root of the Taiwan question
As Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China
Central Committee, has said, the Taiwan question arose out of the
weakness and chaos of the nation and will be resolved as national
rejuvenation becomes a reality.
In 1894, Japan launched the First Sino-Japanese War to invade China.
In the following year, the government of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)
was forced to cede Taiwan to Japan under the unequal Treaty of
In 1945, the Chinese people won the War of Resistance Against
Japanese Aggression (1931-1945). Taiwan was thus recovered and returned
to the motherland.
In 1943, the leaders of China, the US and Britain issued the Cairo
Declaration, which clearly states that all territories Japan stole from
the Chinese, including Taiwan, shall be restored to China. The Potsdam
Declaration of 1945 affirmed that the terms of the Cairo Declaration
would be carried out. Thus, Taiwan’s legal status as a part of China was
It was not long, however, before the two sides of the Straits fell
into a special state of protracted political confrontation due to civil
war in China and the interference of foreign forces.
In 1949, the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of
China was established, replacing the Republic of China government as the
sole legal government representing the whole of China. It is logical
for the government of the People’s Republic of China to exercise
sovereignty over China, which includes Taiwan.
In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 2758
with an overwhelming majority vote, restoring all rights of the PRC and
recognizing the government of the PRC as the sole legitimate
representative of China to the United Nations.
The one-China principle is a widely recognized basic norm of
international relations. More than 180 countries have to date
established diplomatic relations with China on the basis of their
recognition of the one-China principle, according to official records.
When China and the US established diplomatic relations in 1979, the
US recognized in the joint communique with China that the government of
the PRC is the sole legal government of China. Since then, the US has
long been committed to not developing official relations with Taiwan.
”The one-China principle is part of the postwar international order
and has become a general international consensus. As a country that
thinks of itself as a champion of the ‘rules-based international order’,
the United States should naturally abide by the one-China principle,”
Chinese Ambassador to the US Qin Gang wrote in an article in The
Washington Post on Thursday.
”President Biden has said many times that the United States will not
change its one-China policy and does not support ‘Taiwan independence’.
But for the ‘Taiwan independence’ forces, Pelosi’s visit represents an
exceptionally strong signal that ‘the US is on Taiwan’s side’. This goes
against the one-China principle, the three Sino-US joint communiques
and America’s own commitments,” the article said.
Wu Yongping, director of the Institute of Taiwan Studies at Tsinghua
University, said that US support for “Taiwan independence “separatists
is a fundamental reason why the Taiwan question is so difficult to
The US has tried to obscure and hollow out the one-China principle,
Wu said, adding that it has colluded with “Taiwan independence” forces
on the island and elevated relations with the island in various ways,
including arms sales.
After the DPP came to power in Taiwan, it refused to recognize the
1992 Consensus which embodies the one-China principle, creating an
increasingly tense and confrontational atmosphere across the Straits,
according to Bao from the Institute for East Asian Studies.
Despite the complex situation, experts believe that the two sides of
the Straits must be reunified in the future, which is also the will of
the entire Chinese nation.
The mainland has great patience in dealing with the Taiwan question,
and it has been working to promote integrated development and
cooperation between people across the Straits in order to gradually
overcome the resentment and differences and find the path of future
reunification, Bao said.
Wu said the mainland’s ability to resolve the Taiwan question has
been increasing as well, which could been seen in the recent
countermeasures, and no other forces should underestimate such ability
and China’s determination to safeguard its sovereignty and unity.
Xinhua contributed to this story.